There are many types of artificial flowers including those made from glass, paper, porcelain and plastic, just to name but a few. The most popular artificial flowers are made from silk. All petals are made from white silk cotton and rayon fabric, regardless of the finished colour. The demand for silk flowers arises from the fact that they last much longer than natural flowers.
The capacity of the firm depends on the type/design and size, however, it is estimated that at least 20 silk flowers can be produced per day.
The process of making artificial flowers requires simple technology with a little artistic knowledge especially in flower designs.
The fabric is die-cut into many petal shapes and sizes for one single type of flower. In the first process the petals are dyed using cotton balls and paint brushes to touch colour onto the petals beginning from the edge of the petal working towards the center. The dyeing of one petal can take up to an hour of concentrated work.
The basic raw materials include: fabrics of silk, wires, corn starch, and clear fast-drying glue.
Equipment & Tools:
The essential tools and equipments include:
Scissors, wire cutter, paint brush, sewing thread and needles, foam rubber mat, and cardboard. These supplies are available in “Shauriyako” market – Kampala Uganda.
Scale of Investment & Capital Investment Requirements:
This project will be run on a small scale basis where at least 520 silk flowers will be made in a month. The fixed capital investment costs required to start this project are estimated at 100USD.
The demand for artificial silk flowers arises from the fact that they are durable; they last longer compared to natural flowers. The market for silk flowers is very high in residential houses, factories, hotels, offices, and even overseas. Natural flowers wither in a few days and they are quite expensive.
Capital Investment Requirements in US$
|Capital Investment Item||Units||Qty||@$||Amount $|
Operating Costs in USS
|Item||Units||@||Qty/ day||Prod. Cost/ day||Prod. Cost/ month||Prod. Cost/Yr|
General Costs (Over heads)
|Utilities (Power & Water)||100||1,200|
|Sub – total||600||7,200|
|Total Operating Costs||5,982||71,784|
Project Product Costs & Price Structure in US$
|Item||Qty/ day||Qty/yr||@$||Pdn Cost/yr||UPx||T/rev|
Profitability Analysis in US$
|Profitability Item||Per day||Per Month||Per Year|
|Less: Production & Operating Costs||230.07692||5,982||71,784|
Sources of Supply of Raw Materials
The supply of inputs especially fabrics is readily available in Uganda, i.e. Phoenix International.
Government Facilities and Incentives Available
The Government is willing to promote this sector through provision of; tax exemptions, land, basic infrastructure, grants and long term loans at relatively low interest rates and liberalized market and good trade policies.